TripAdvisor(R), the world's largest travel community, today announced the top 10 literary destinations in the world, according to TripAdvisor editors. These locations have either been the home or inspiration to many of the greatest writers in Western civilization, and feature remarkable attractions as tributes to those authors, for travelers to enjoy today.
(Photo: http://www.newscom.com/cgi-bin/prnh/20080814/NETH032 ) 1. Great Expectations: London, England
London was the birthplace or home of many of the greatest authors of all time, including Charles Dickens, Geoffrey Chaucer, John Milton, John Keats and H.G. Wells, to name a few. Visitors can stop by the home of Dickens, see the house where Benjamin Johnson wrote the first comprehensive English dictionary, or go on one of many guided walks that let you follow in Sherlock Holmes' footsteps. One TripAdvisor traveler calls London, "The home of the literature we have spent so much time learning and loving."
2. Some are Born Great: Stratford-upon-Avon, England
Birthplace of William Shakespeare, Stratford-upon-Avon is a Mecca for the literature enthusiast. Travelers can catch a glimpse into The Bard's early life, see the magnificent Royal Shakespeare Company perform, or pay tribute to the father of modern literature at his final resting place. According to one TripAdvisor traveler, "People from Stratford-upon-Avon offer an array of opportunities to get to know their celebrated son."
3. The Game is Afoot: Edinburgh, Scotland
We have Edinburgh authors to thank for some of the world's most beloved stories and characters, from Sir Arthur Conan Doyle's Sherlock Holmes to J. K. Rowling's Harry Potter. Take a walking tour of Edinburgh's medieval Old Town to learn about Scottish literary characters and history, or celebrate the contributions of authors Robert Burns, Sir Walter Scott and Robert Louis Stevenson at the Writer's Museum. One TripAdvisor traveler notes, "Paving stones approaching the museum commemorate Scottish writers."
4. Portals of Discovery: Dublin, Ireland
Dublin's greatest authors from Yeats to Heaney have often used their home city as their inspiration, evident in James Joyce's "Dubliners" and Jonathan Swift's satirical "A Modest Proposal." Literature enthusiasts will want to make the pilgrimages to the James Joyce Tower and House, as well as visit the Dublin Writers' Museum and the National Library of Ireland. One TripAdvisor traveler said, "Dublin's literary history is as rich as a pint of Guinness ... you can even take a tour of the city's pubs through a literary viewpoint with the Dublin Literary Pub Crawl."
5. A Wink of the Eye: New York, New York
Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsberg once hung out in New York's White Horse Tavern, Arthur Miller, Norman Mailer and John Ashbery called the city home, and the Harlem Renaissance surfaced African-American literary greats like Richard Wright and Langston Hughes. Take a literary walking tour of Greenwich Village or immerse yourself in the New York Public Library's immense collection. According to a TripAdvisor traveler, "One of my highlights was going on a 'literary pub crawl' in Greenwich Village retracing the steps of Kerouac, Ginsberg, etc."
6. Live Free: Concord, Massachusetts
A unique destination for its small size and depth of literary history, Concord is the site of Walden Pond, inspiration for Thoreau's "Walden," and the house where Louisa May Alcott wrote "Little Women." Ralph Waldo Emerson and Nathaniel Hawthorne also called Concord home in the 1800s, and for the ultimate literary pilgrimage, visit the final resting places of all these literary giants in the Author's Ridge section of the Sleepy Hollow Cemetery. One TripAdvisor traveler said, "For the literary-minded there's no better place to pay your literary respects than Sleepy Hollow."
7. Absorbed in Thought: Paris, France
Paris' literary history - from French authors like Victor Hugo, Voltaire, and Alexander Dumas to Americans such as Gertrude Stein, Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald and others of the "Lost Generation"- is rich and diverse. With its famous book stalls ("Les Bouquinistes") lining the Seine, and famed literary cafes like les Deux Magots, frequented by greats like Hemingway and Albert Camus, the City of Light's literary vibe lives on. One TripAdvisor traveler recommends, "Take the Paris-walks 'Hemingway's Paris' walk. Runs every Friday and you get to see a lot of literary history from Balzac, Hemingway, Joyce and Orwell."
8. See with the Eyes of Angels: San Francisco, California
When Ginsberg and Kerouac moved from New York to San Francisco, they brought their new literary style with them, establishing the city as a new hub of the "Beat Generation." See the site of their famed first poetry reading, along with others of their circle like Philip Whalen, at the Six Gallery, or visit the popular City Lights Bookstore, founded by Beat poet Lawrence Ferlinghetti, which brings literature and progressive politics together. Said one TripAdvisor traveler, "Buy a copy of 'Howl' at City Lights Books, read it over a beer at the Vesuvio Cafe, you might be sitting in a seat where Kerouac sat."
9. Time Flies: Rome, Italy
Birthplace of some of the world's most influential literature, Rome was home to ancient greats like Virgil, who penned "The Aeneid." But Rome's literary importance has continued to the present day, with foreign authors like Keats, Shelley, James and many more coming to draw inspiration from the center of the ancient world. Be sure to visit the Keats-Shelley House on Rome's historic Spanish Steps, a site visited by many other authors and artists throughout history. According to one TripAdvisor traveler, "Rome has attracted more than its fair share of writers who have found both artistic inspiration and a temporary home in the Eternal City."
10. Beauty is Mysterious: St. Petersburg, Russia
With its remarkable history highlighted by Leo Tolstoy, Anton Chekhov, Alexander Pushkin and Fyodor Dostoevsky, St. Petersburg is a renowned literary destination. Dostoevsky inhabited a number of apartments throughout the city, and in his last, where he wrote "The Brothers Karamazov," there is now a museum dedicated to his life. Walking tours also allow visitors to see the city through the famous author's eyes. One TripAdvisor traveler said, "Refresh your memory of the tales and cast in the stories as told by Gogol and Dostoevsky and others and you will see most of the locations, streets and even boarding houses just as described."
"Bookworms will enjoy delving into these destinations where many of the greatest literary minds in history lived and wrote," said Michele Perry, vice president of global communications for TripAdvisor.
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